4 Capabilities Leadership Framework
Developing Leaders at All Levels
The 4 Capabilities Leadership Framework (4-Cap) provides the framework for teaching leadership and for leadership practice in general. As leadership moves away from a “command and control” model to a more “cultivate and coordinate” model, the way that leadership is taught must change, too.
Developed over a four-year period by Professors Deborah Ancona, Tom Malone, and Wanda Orlikowski, with Senior Lecturer Peter Senge, and tested in diverse real world settings, the 4-Cap is a powerful tool for understanding and integrating the four critical components of leadership.
The 4-Cap, as described in research on Leadership in the Age of Uncertainty, defines these components as follows.
Moreover, the 4-Cap seeks to help leaders discover their unique Change Signature—the leader’s credo and characteristic way of creating change. Each leader’s signature draws upon his or her values, skills, experience, tactics, and personality in order to build trust, respect, and authenticity.
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